BLOOM THINKING LEVELS
The Learning Skills Lab in the Academic Learning Center. We teach the tools that are indispensable to learning.
Bloom describes 7 levels of thinking from simple to more complex. College courses help learners advance in the development of higher level thinking skills. Each level has unique functions which learners who are thinking at that level are able to do. As learners progress to higher thinking levels, greater understanding and learning are possible.
Make judgments of value, relevance, or utility by applying standards or criteria. Requires recall, translation, interpretation, application, analyzation, and synthesis to evaluate something or its parts.
Take individual parts of many ideas and concepts and combine them to create a new or modified idea, concept, or structure. Requires recall, translation, interpretation, application, and analyzation.
Identify and examine individual parts of ideas, concepts, or theories and see structures, organizational patterns, or relationships. Requires recall, translation, interpretation, and application of what is known.
Transfer knowledge from one situation to another. Requires recall, translation, interpretation of knowledge, and then application of this knowledge to a different situation.
Use ideas, concepts, and details to explain other ideas, concepts, and details (background knowledge – knowledge one already has). Requires recall, translation through the use of background knowledge.
Convert ideas, concepts, and related details into one’s own words. Requires recall of information and then mentally manipulate information into personally meaningful synonyms without losing meaning.
Remember or recognize ideas, concepts, and related details. It mostly requires the use of visual and auditory senses. Recall is the least complex level of thinking.
The 7 levels of thinking are organized into 2 ways of understanding or looking for meaning. One is called literal comprehension and the other inferential comprehension.
Literal comprehension means to understand specific facts or ideas which convey ex-act meanings. An example is to interpret poetry by the dictionary meaning of the words. The word “yellow” is interpreted only as the color yellow. The literal way of understanding in-cludes thinking level 1 and 2 of recall and translation.
Inferential comprehension means understanding the possibility of other meanings in addition to literal interpretations. With inferential comprehension, the word “yellow” in a poem may symbolize cowardice and not mean the color yellow. Without the ability to interpret inferentially, much poetry and literature makes little or no sense. This type of understanding includes thinking levels 3 through 7 of interpretation, application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation.
From a bulletin of Sts. Peter and Paul Roman Catholic Church in Detroit as appeared in Ann Landers, Sunday, Sept. 21, 1997. 12/97 Developed by Dennis H. Congos, Learning Skills Lab, Academic Learning Center, Central Piedmont Community College, 103 Garinger Building, Charlotte, NC 28235 704-330-6474 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org